Salmon typically range in size from 8-30 inches in length and weigh up to 25 pounds. They are typically olive or silver in color, with dark spots along their sides.
They have a streamlined body with a large mouth and a forked tail. There are many species of salmon, including Atlantic salmon, Chinook salmon, coho salmon, pink salmon, sockeye salmon, and chum salmon.
Salmon are found in both freshwater and saltwater habitats. In freshwater, they inhabit the rivers and streams of the Atlantic and Pacific regions. In the ocean, they inhabit coastal waters, bays, and estuaries. They prefer cool, well-oxygenated waters, and they feed mainly on small fish, crustaceans, and plankton. Salmon migrate to the open ocean as they mature, then return to the freshwater to spawn.
In freshwater, they feed mainly on insects, crustaceans, and small fish. In the ocean, they feed mainly on small fish, crustaceans, and plankton.
Salmon are migratory fish, traveling from freshwater to saltwater and back again. They spawn in the freshwaters of their birth, building nests and laying eggs.
After hatching, the young salmon migrate to the ocean to feed and mature. When they reach adulthood, they return to the freshwater to reproduce.
There are many species of salmon, including Atlantic salmon, Chinook salmon, coho salmon, pink salmon, sockeye salmon, and chum salmon. The most popular salmon species are Atlantic salmon, Chinook salmon, and coho salmon, as they are the most widely harvested.
Atlantic salmon are found in the northern Atlantic and Pacific oceans, Chinook salmon are found in the Pacific Northwest of North America, and coho salmon are found in both the Pacific and Atlantic oceans.