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Wrasse & Parrotfish


Labriformes is a suborder of ray-finned fish that includes the wrasse, parrotfish, corkwing, and tautog families. These fish are known for their distinctive labrum, or upper jaw, which is fused with the skull and allows for powerful suction feeding. Labriformes are found in a variety of marine habitats and have diverse feeding habits, making them an important part of many aquatic ecosystems.

Humphead Parrotfish Clickable
© Andrea Izzotti - Stock.Adobe.Com
Fairy Wrasse Picture
"Yellowflanked fairy wrasse, terminal phase - Cirrhilabrus ryukyuensis" by zsispeo is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0.
Stoplight Parrotfish Clickable
By Adona9 at the English Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0,
moon wrasse photo
"Aliases - Thalassoma lutescens - Yellow moon wrasse #marineexplorer" by Marine Explorer is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0.

Labriformes range in size from the small corkwing wrasse, which can reach lengths of only a few inches, to the larger tautog, which can grow up to 2 feet in length. 

They have streamlined bodies with laterally compressed tails, allowing them to maneuver quickly through the water. In addition to their fused labrum, Labriformes also have distinctive color patterns and scales, which vary by species.

In terms of Habitat, these fish can be found in a variety of marine environments, including coral reefs, rocky shores, and kelp forests. Some specific locations where they can be found include the Great Barrier Reef in Australia, the Caribbean Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea.

Wrasse and Parrotfish have a varied diet that includes small invertebrates such as crabs and mollusks, as well as algae and other plant material. Some species are known to use their sharp teeth to crack open hard-shelled prey.

Labriformes exhibit a wide range of behaviors, including group living, territoriality, and complex mating rituals. Some species are known to form large, hierarchical social groups, while others are solitary and territorial.

There are over 600 species of Labriformes, which are grouped into more than 70 different genera. Some of the most well-known species in this family include the Fairy wrasse, the Yellowtail wrasse, and the Humphead Parrotfish.

In summary, Labriformes are fascinating and colorful fish that play an important role in the ecosystems in which they live. Their unique biology and behavior make them an interesting group of animals to learn about and study.