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Brown Fur Seal

Arctocephalus pusillus

The brown fur seal, also known as the Cape fur seal, is a species of eared seal that belongs to the family Otariidae. They are characterized by their thick, brown fur, long snout, and external ear flaps. 

Adult males can grow up to 2 meters (6.6 feet) in length and weigh up to 300 kg (660 lbs), while adult females can grow up to 1.5 meters (4.9 feet) in length and weigh up to 100 kg (220 lbs).

Once a year, these seals go through a molt, shedding their old fur for a shiny new coat. During this time, they might spend more time on land, resting and letting their new fur come in.

Where do Brown Fur Seal live? Brown fur seals are found along the southern African coastline, primarily on rocky islands and coastal mainland areas. They are also found in Namibia, South Africa, and Angola.

These seals enjoy sunbathing on rocky shores and playing in the water nearby. These spots are great because they’re safe from big waves and predators, and they’re also really good places for the seals to have their babies and take care of them.

Plus, the rocks make cozy spots for the seals to relax and hang out with their friends!

What do Brown Fur Seals eat? Well, they are opportunistic feeders and their diet primarily consists of fish and cephalopods. 

They can dive to depths of up to 200 meters (660 feet) to forage for food- that’s like diving into 220 bathtubs stacked on top of each other!
They go on these deep-sea adventures to grab their favorite meals right from the ocean’s pantry.

Brown fur seals love company! They gather in large groups, especially during breeding season, where you might find thousands of them lounging on rocky shores or beaches, soaking up the sun.

They are known to use vocalizations such as barks and growls to communicate with each other. They are also known to use their hind flippers to help them move on land or ice.

Female brown fur seals are dedicated moms. They nurse their pups with rich milk, making sure the little ones grow strong and healthy. They recognize their own pups among thousands in a colony by their unique calls and scent.

The Brown fur seal is a special kind of sea lion with cute little ears, and its scientific name is Arctocephalus pusillus.
 It’s part of a big animal group (Otariidae) that includes other seals and sea lions.

Even though these seals are doing okay overall and aren’t in big danger of disappearing soon, which is why they’re called “Least Concern” by the folks who keep an eye on animal safety, they still face some problems.

In some places, they’re having a tough time because of things like hunting and losing their homes to human activities. People are working hard to protect these seals and their ocean homes, making sure they’re safe and sound, but it’s important to keep checking on them to make sure they stay happy and healthy.

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By Tim Sheerman-Chase - CIMG0174 Diving with a Seal, Public Domain,
Brown fur seals - South Africa
Brown fur seals - South Africa - By EcoSound - Envato Elements
Brown Fur Seal, arctocephalus pusillus, South Africa
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