Scroll Top

Humphead Parrotfish

Bolbometopon muricatum

The humphead parrotfish is one of the largest species of parrotfish, and it can grow to be quite large, reaching lengths of up to 6.5 feet and weights of up to 400 pounds.

In terms of characteristics, the humphead parrotfish is known for its bright colors, which can include shades of blue, green, and yellow. It has a large, bulbous forehead, which gives it its distinctive, hump-like appearance.

 Its body is covered in hard, bony scales, and it has sharp, beak-like jaws, which it uses to break off pieces of coral and scrape off algae. The bite force from a parrotfish equates to over 500 pounds tons of force per square inch. That is nearly a stack of 3 Blue Whales compressed in a single space. 

The humphead parrotfish is native to the waters of the Indian and Pacific Oceans, where it is commonly found on coral reefs and in lagoons. It is a tropical fish, and it is typically found in warm, shallow waters at depths ranging from a few feet to several hundred feet. 

It is an active fish, and it is typically seen swimming and foraging for food during the day.

In terms of diet, the humphead parrotfish is an omnivorous fish that feeds on a variety of plant and animal matter. 

It is known for its ability to graze on algae and coral, using its sharp, beak-like jaws to break off pieces of coral and scrape off algae. It is also known to feed on small invertebrates, such as crustaceans and mollusks. 

In terms of behavior, the humphead parrotfish is generally peaceful and not aggressive. It is an active and playful fish, and it is known for its lively and curious nature. 

It is typically seen swimming and exploring its surroundings during the day, and it is known to form strong social bonds with other members of its species.

The humphead parrotfish is a member of the family Scaridae, which is a large and diverse group of fish that includes more than 100 known species of parrotfish. The humphead parrotfish is one of the largest species in the family, and it is known for its distinctive, hump-like forehead and its bright colors.

 Other well-known species of parrotfish include the red-and-green scarlet parrotfish (Scarus rubroviolaceus), the blue-and-yellow queen parrotfish (Scarus vetula), and the orange-and-blue princess parrotfish (Scarus taeniopterus). Each species of parrotfish is unique, and they can vary in size, coloration, and behavior.

Humphead Parrotfish Clickable
© Andrea Izzotti - Stock.Adobe.Com
Humphead Parrotfish Clickable
By aarrows - Envato Elements
humphead or bumphead parrotfish picture
© Andrea Izzotti - Stock.Adobe.Com
close up of humphead parrotfish photo
Close-up of Bumphead parrotfish, by nualaimages - Envato Elements